The impossible trinity of proxy war

A theorem for international relations

It is impossible to simultaneously host, control and plausibly deny (your role in sponsoring) a proxy war across your borders. You can, at best, do two of the three.

Impossible Trinity of Proxy War
The Impossible Trinity of Proxy War

(Of course, if you are Pakistan, you will brazenly do all three. But unless you want to end up like another Pakistan, you’d rather not take that route.)

One thought on “The impossible trinity of proxy war”

  1. This is little hard to understand. can you please elaborate more? If I understand correctly, implication of this is that you can host militants and deny your role simultaneously but if you try to control them then you can’t deny your role and vice versa. Is this the correct interpretation?

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